Without protein supplementation, more than half of all adults could eventually face the progressive, age-related loss of vital muscle tissue known as sarcopenia.
Vegetarians and those following a cholesterol-restricted diet may be at a higher risk of protein deficiency that could lead to this degenerative condition that results in a 5-10% loss of muscle mass per decade after age 40. Sarcopenia increases the risk of falls, injuries, and loss of functional capacity.1
At the beginning of the 21st century, sarcopenia was responsible for 1.5% of total health care expenditures in the United States, with an annual cost of $18.5 billion.2 Mainstream doctors rarely discuss this health threat with their patients because most lack the training to successfully prevent or treat the condition.
In this article you will learn about a plant-based protein supplement enriched with branched-chain amino acids and glutamine that can help avert age-related muscle loss and promote recovery from exercise. This supplement contains a proprietary blend of pea, rice, and artichoke proteins and mixes with water to make an instant low-fat, cholesterol-free drink with a biological value and digestibility score equal to whey and egg protein.
Unlike most protein drink mixes on the market, this cutting-edge formula contains no common allergens like dairy or egg, and provides cholesterol-lowering beta-glucan fiber and the prebiotics agave inulin and FOS to support digestive health and immune function.
Why Aging Individuals Need More Protein
Research has firmly established the anabolic (tissue-building) effect of protein supplementation on muscle mass in aging humans, with and without exercise.3-5 Contrary to popular belief, clinical studies reveal that older adults can benefit from higher amounts of high-quality protein each day even more than active younger people.6-9
Although protein synthesis and skeletal muscle mass are regulated by a host of factors, the fundamental prerequisite for muscle protein synthesis is dietary-derived amino acids. Surprisingly, the recommended daily intake (RDI) for protein established by the Institutes of Medicine is the same for all adults—0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight. This translates into 58 grams for an aging adult weighing 160 pounds.
Yet considerable evidence reveals that the protein requirement for healthy older adults is 1.0-1.3 g/kg body weight,10-12 which translates into 73-94 grams for an aging adult weighing 160 pounds. This contradiction indicates the federal government’s protein intake recommendation is up to 38% less than what published scientific studies indicate is needed.
Clinical research suggests that eating a diet rich in cholesterol-free, high-quality vegetable protein can lead to favorable changes in cardiovascular risk profiles in adults of all ages. For example, a recent study found that overweight, hyperlipidemic men and women (ages 21-70) who were fed a reduced-calorie diet abundant in high-quality vegetable protein achieved similar weight loss but superior reductions in blood pressure and LDL-cholesterol compared to a matched group of adults fed a high-carbohydrate, lacto-ovo vegetarian diet (containing low-fat dairy and eggs).13
A new proprietary plant protein product enriched with branched-chain amino acids and glutamine has a perfect PDCAAS (protein digestibility corrected amino acid score) of 1.0 (100%), which is equal to the PDCAAS of whey and egg.14 The PDCAAS has been adopted by Food and Agriculture Association (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) as the preferred standard for measurement of protein value in human nutrition.15
Converting Ingested Proteins into Body Proteins
When proteins are ingested, they are transformed in your cells through a process known as “protein synthesis” into vital structures that make up a considerable amount of your anatomy. Aging results in a reduction in cellular protein synthesis within our body.
Fortunately, just a modest bout of physical activity in older individuals may be able to restore the ability of insulin to stimulate muscle protein synthesis.16
A more recent study found that amino acid supplementation with 15 grams/day of essential amino acids for three months increased muscle synthesis and lean body mass in older women.17 Study investigators concluded, “The acute anabolic response to essential amino acids supplementation is maintained over time and can improve lean body mass, possibly offsetting the debilitating effects of sarcopenia.”
Shore Up Aging Muscles with Branched-Chain Amino Acids
The branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs)—leucine, isoleucine, and valine—are essential amino acids that play important metabolic roles, particularly during exercise and in the maintenance and growth of skeletal muscle. BCAAs account for 35% of the essential amino acids in muscle proteins and can serve as an energy source for muscle tissue during exercise.
Leucine, the most metabolically active branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) promotes muscle tissue synthesis.18-20 Notably, leucine is a potent activator of a signaling pathway in human skeletal muscle that favorably modulates insulin sensitivity and the body’s anabolic drive.21,22
While it is widely acknowledged that aging muscle becomes progressively resistant to the stimulatory effects of normal postprandial concentrations of leucine,23 several animal studies show that this deficit can be overcome by feeding supplemental leucine with typical mixed nutrient meals.24-26 These findings emphasize the tremendous potential of taking supplemental leucine with meals in order to maximally stimulate muscle protein synthesis.27
Glutamine: An Essential Energizer
Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body and accounts for more than 60% of all free amino acids in plasma and muscle tissue.28 L-glutamine easily crosses the blood-brain barrier. Once in the brain, glutamine is converted into L-glutamic acid, which the brain can use for fuel should glucose, the brain’s preferred energy substrate, be in short supply.29
Glutamine is intimately involved in a number of key metabolic functions, including as an energy source for endothelial, intestinal, and lymphocytic cells,30,31 a regulator of nitric oxide synthesis by endothelial cells,32 and a transport molecule to carry toxic ammonia from peripheral tissues to the liver for conversion to urea.30
In catabolic states of injury and illness, glutamine becomes conditionally essential (requiring intake from food or supplements).30,33 Extensive study has shown that glutamine is useful in treatment of serious illnesses,34-36 injury,37 infection,38,39 and mitigating treatment-related side effects of cancer,40,41 as well as promoting wound healing in postoperative patients.30,42
Legumes for Vegetarian-Based Protein
Research has shown that consumption of high-quality vegetable protein exerts numerous beneficial effects in aging humans. A recent study found that compared to consuming 15 grams whey or milk protein (casein), ingesting 15 grams pea protein provided greater postprandial (after-meal) satiety.43 This is important for those seeking to reduce their calorie intake of fats and carbohydrates.
Another study using an in vitro gastrointestinal digestion model suggested that pea protein has potential to reduce elevated blood pressure.44
Pea protein contains more glutamine than whey or egg protein, with comparable BCAA values to whey, egg, and casein. It also contains more arginine than these ‘gold standard’ animal proteins. Arginine is essential for nitric acid synthesis, which promotes healthy endothelial function and blood vessel dilation and relaxation.45
Although numerous studies have established the value of consuming whey protein to boost tissue levels of the antioxidant glutathione, research scientists very recently discovered that compared to glutathione, pea protein hydrolysate exhibited a significantly higher ability to inhibit fatty acid oxidation and to chelate free radical-causing metals.46
Agave Inulin and FOS: A Powerful Prebiotic Blend
Prebiotics feed beneficial intestinal bacterial flora. The natural prebiotics inulin and fructooligosaccharides (FOS) occur in more than 36,000 species of the world’s flora.47 Thus, it is almost certain that the diets of our prehistoric forebears consisted of foods rich in prebiotics.48 Presumably, the human digestive tract evolved to depend on the health-supporting properties of prebiotics.
Current studies reveal that long-chain prebiotics like inulin extracted from the fiber of the agave plant, unlike many other short-chain prebiotics, arrive at the colon intact and remain longer, allowing them to effectively support the growth of the beneficial digestive tract bacteria, Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria.49
Food scientists have devised a strategy of using agave-derived inulin and FOS in protein supplements and functional foods to promote the growth of indigenous Bifidobacteria in the gut.50 These prebiotics interact in a selective way with our intestinal ecosystem and can favorably transform its composition, providing tremendous potential for gut health, chemoprevention, and immunity.51,52
An emerging body of research suggests that consuming inulin-based prebiotics directly diminishes the risk of chronic diseases by:
- Reducing the symptoms and inflammation in ulcerative colitis53-55
- Protecting against colon cancer in animal and human models56-60
- Lowering triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood to protect against coronary heart disease61-64
- Favorably modulating insulin levels in the blood65
- Supporting bone health through increased calcium and magnesium absorption in animal and human model studies66-69
Data from human studies suggests that fermentation of prebiotic carbohydrates stimulates colonic motility and promotes proliferation of Bifidobacteria, both of which have been shown to relieve constipation.70,71 In one study, fecal weight increased in response to supplementation with either FOS or inulin.72
Oat Beta-glucans For Glycemic and Cholesterol Control
Numerous animal and human studies have established oat beta-glucans as an important dietary aid in the treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular disorders. Oat bran in particular is good source of the heart-healthy soluble fiber beta-glucan.73
Oat beta-glucans have been shown to promote a healthy postprandial glycemic response.74-78 In addition, oat beta-glucans can lower cholesterol levels in adults with elevated lipid levels. One clinical study examined the effects of feeding oat bran beta-glucans to men and women with high cholesterol. Participants were able to achieve significant reductions in plasma cholesterol levels by the study’s end.79
Aging adults often require more protein than younger adults—a fact established by clinical studies, yet ignored by our leading health organizations.
Nearly 50% of all adults run the risk of developing sarcopenia, a serious age-related loss of muscle mass. Age-related muscle loss is a leading cause of preventable disability and loss of functional capacity in older adults.
Research has shown that consumption of high-quality vegetable protein exerts numerous beneficial effects in aging humans.
Adults, vegetarians, and all active people can benefit from a new proprietary protein supplement product enriched with pea and other plant proteins, branch chained amino acids, prebiotics, and cholesterol-lowering oat beta-glucans. These components work in concert to maximize protein utilization, while controlling the postprandial glycemic response that inflicts so much damage to cells after every high-calorie meal we eat.
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The orignal article can be found HERE