Cold & Flu


Now, You should be eating well, getting plenty of fluids, taking a good multi vit and min at least 3 or 4 times a week, with added Vit C,E,D&A

Here is some info that can be used as a preventative or therapeutic at first signs of cold/flu Disclaimer : The Remedies below are for information purposes only. Please seek advice from your general practitioner before pursuing on any new supplemental regime.

  • Onion and Apple mix and White Wine—4 apples peeled —2 onions peeled—Juice the components the take the amount and then mix equal parts of white wine—Blend everything together and use 1 ounce increments every hour—this will increase the body’s ability to rid the flu
  • Yogurt + Cinnamon —2 ounces of yogurt + 1 tablespoon of cinnamon mix and consume—if done when feeling any symptom this can eliminate flu’s within 8 hours—ate at your convenience and often
  • Vinegar + essential Oils—take any vinegar you have ( preferably a wine or fruit vinegar) if none around use white—take the essential oil of thyme—peppermint—eucalyptus—rosemary—cinnamon—clove—oregano or marjoram——-Take one drop of each and put in a 6 ounce glass container and shake vigorously—-then add 1 teaspoon to 2 ounces of water and stir and drink—do this every 2 hours
  • Peroxide + Water take 2 drops in 2 ounces of water and go up 1 drop every dose til you reach 6 drops and do this every hour—
  • GSE.. + Vitamin C ( 5 grams ) take 2 drops of gse in 2 ounces of water and add 5 grams of vitamin C and drink – you can add ¼ tsp of baking soda if you like as well to increase the effect of the antioxidants and the effect of the anti viral —-again do this every 3 hours or till you are at the stage of loose bowels—then repeat this the next day but minus one dose
  • Garlic and Onion consumed or blended in wine or aloe will assist as well – I have used the following remedy and it definitely helps starve off colds but is potent. Best taken in tsp or tbls amounts through out the day, but people around you will not appreciate it!

    2 Bulbs of Garlic
    1.5 cups of Red wine
    5g of Vit C in powder form

    Blend all together and then strain through a cloth/tea towel – put in an air tight jar ad consume over the week, few times per day Tbsp amounts at most in one go.

  • Peppermint Essential oil, brandy and raw honey. Probably best for adults and no one that has had not had a bad history with alcohol….. 1 to 2 Tbls of raw honey 1 tsp of brandy and 1 drop of the essential oil. mix well until fluid and knock it back in one. This will open up the airwaves and help relieve congestion.
  • Papaya + Cinnamon + Turmeric + Ginger—when added together like this you will see a synergy of attacking pathogens in the system and destroying the proteins to assist the integrity of the virus and with the added antiviral effect of the other elements there you may see again a maintaining of health or a renewal – Take a slice of the papaya add ¼ tsp of cinnamon and ginger on the papaya and ad 1/8 tsp of the turmeric
  • Thieves Vinegar—-add 8 to 10 different herbs to a glass jar orrrr belend them together in a vinegar before adding them to a jar—this particular recipe protected 4 specific thieves from being infected with the black plague if Europe while robbing the dead, who had died of the Virus or infections of the Plague—the components will be
    1 tsp of clove—1-2 inch strips of cinnamon bark —3-4 sprigs of rosemary—3-4 sprigs of thyme—4 bay leafs—3-4 sprigs of sage—1 tsp of cardamom ( black) and 2-3 sprigs of mediterranean oregano—add to a blender and add 12 ounces of vinegar to this ( choose whatever you like in this regard –example might be a good red wine vinegar or even a apple cider vinegar )once it is all blended relatively smooth set the contents in another glass bottle and let sit for 6 – 8 weeks—this will have fused—then re-blend strain and re bottle and date—USE 1 tsp 2 times a day—The properties are Antiviral—Anti fungal—Anti Bacterial—Antimicrobial—Anti Aging—Resistant to Death ( sort of a consensus Added Info – Remember during this time No dairy other then Kefir or Yogurt and again mixed with cinnamon or clove powders or tincture No Grains pasta or sweets or corn or watermelon or grapes Use Broths that are with gelatin that will give you protein – Add a egg to this as well Keep it light – fruit juices that would be antiviral will be good eas as well – green tea – olive leaf – astragalus

Tony Pantalleresco



Tony Pantalleresco



Tony Pantallresco  “Just A Guy That knows Some Stuff”


It was about two years ago whilst looking for information on natural ways to fight and beat cancer that I came across Tony Pantalleresco on YouTube. I had been scouring the web and becoming increasingly frustrated with all the scam web sites out there, promising miracle cures for cash. I then heard a radio show hosted by Carl Lanore on Super Human Radio about a man using a ginger extract to fight and rid his body of a cancerous tumour.   My hopes were revitalised so I did some more searching about and found Tony Pantalleresco on youtube under the name Herbsplusandbeadswork. I spoke to Tony for many hours on MSN, and I watched all of his YouTube videos. Tony gave me so much information, and good advice (all free) that opened my eyes to so many things that I was hooked. I listened to his shows on The Micro effect. and I loved them. One thing that stands out for me is that Tony has no agenda. He is not tied to any particular company or organization, he does not push any particular brands of supplements. Tony is continuously researching for the truth, that’s it, with no bias.

 Anyone that gives out free information,  has no particular  ‘angle’  or sales pitch,  and works 18 hours a day  looking for what work is OK in my books. Tony has been in  and around the supplement  industry for  many  years and has seen all the usual fads and scams come and go and then come around again.  Tony spends hours researching and experimenting with herbs, spices, foods, supplements, and much more, you can find the results of all his alchemy on his website and youtube videos which you can find links for at the bottom of this page. I could not get Tony to write some information about himself  such is his nature, so below is an interview I had with Tony online. 

  Enjoy it and check out  his website, youtube and I would also suggest having a consultation with him for any on going health problems you may have that the Doctors have failed at curing for you (do Doctors cure anything these days or just hide symptoms??)  I paid a very very reasonable donation (VERY reasonable especially when you compare to any naturopath or even herbalist) and I spoke with Tony for a long time via msn (I’m in the UK and he is in Canada) and then he answered months of questions at no extra cost. (I can’t say for a fact that he will have time to do this for every one but you definitely get help far and beyond what you may expect.)

   If it sounds like I’m pushing Tony and his services, I am. And I’m only doing it because I think you will not be disappointed. Network, share the information and be healthy!

 I would like to do an  Interview with Tony Pantalleresco over the phone or over the internet  to have more interaction and dig a little deeper for some of his answers because as you will read he has some radical views and may upset some people, namely governments, doctors, supplement companies and drug companies! So while Tony goes into hiding, please read on from here and enjoy.

LLLS: Tell us a bit about yourself, what is your background?   When and how did you get into the ‘alternative health’ industry? How you are involved now? How did you get into radio and doing youtube videos?

Tony: My background is I am a North American  with a Mediterranean background born in Michigan and reside in Ontario–Have  Duality with 2 countries—parents were born in Malta a british commonwealth country at the time so that entitles me to as well  to a UK membership if I ever were to choose—got into health when I was 18 –at that time there was a huge controversy due to ignorance on steroid `dangers–and at the time I was athletic and playing sports and trained—so I began searching and studying all I could on foods and how they work and herbs and the super foods of the day –bee pollen–spirulina–protein powders ( which at that time needed a cement mixer to mix and dynamite to swallow) to have a naturally strong body without steroids—today I would have used exoboline and anavar at that time if I knew then what I know now-Knowing on how they assist in the assimilating of proteins for strength and muscle—but during those day there was hardly anything in the health stores—today I would say 80-90% of it is all smoke screen and mirrors—especially in the body building end of it—so then there was the studying of different cultures and the herbs and then the experimentation with different formulas—and eventually came up with my own remedies and what I seen was a good mix and seen good results–it showed in my performance in the street hockey and football games I used to play.



LLLS:  Who was inspirational to you when you started out and who do you recommend people listen to other than yourself today?

Tony:  Who was inspirational? I would say seeing the athletes of the day and seeing the real power these guys had with out all the gimmickry like today —was what inspired me to train and get more into health
LLLS:  I have read allot about how we are historically meat eaters and do better without any starchy carbs and sugars, but I have also read books from so called experts that say when we were cavemen, we used to pick lots of fruit and berries and ate little meat and not very often.  It is theorised that we lost the enzyme in our livers long ago  which gave us the ability to produce Vitamin C as a stress response like most other mammals, because of the vit c containing fruit that we ate in abundance. what is your opinions on this?
Tony: Again all Bunk and theory–it amazes me how these studies come about—and it’s usually to sell an angle on a eating life style so some ass can sell a bogus line or lines of leftover industry product to the unsuspecting public—again with the vitamin C some say It was God’s way of saying no more living forever so we lost the ability—again bunk—some say what you implied  again this is to sell a life style so someone in those echelons can make money and keep people ignorant–the real truth of the matter is that we all came from differing origins –and as a result we all developed a genetic disposition to what ever foods were or are consumed to this day —now if you are lacking enzymes in the system or if you can process specific foods with no issue —that might imply genetics—or it might imply a Robust digestive system or a weak one—we are omnivores and by design we can consume either foods so it all depends allot on environment and life style and digestive system efficiency or deficiency
LLLS: So what are your views on the diet that we should be eating? Are you a /caveman/atkins love carb believer? Or a lots of fruit and veg guy? Or a zone dieter? And what are your opinions on the current food pyramid that the governments have us believe is a health way to eat?
Tony:  Food pyramids designed by Gov’ts are designed to make people ill and cause disease–any system that would put sugar ( carb) at the top of the food chain is asking for nothing but trouble—the best diet to use—is the one that works for you—again all these systems that are out there are again based on marketing and sales not fact–maybe nutraceutical marketing science—but the reality is if you live somewhere where it is cold you are going to eat more meat and fat to maintain health and strength—if you live where it is hot again you will eat based on that environment so your foods will have a tendency to be light and with allot of water so a fruit or vege type diet with little animal protein would be the way—where you work and how you work will also determine the regimen of food and what you will eat to maintain health—so again it is relative to who is doing what and where—now the one consensus anyone with any slat to them would say is that junk foods and candy coated pasteurized foods are not something anyone should eat—soy is something again in my estimation no one should eat–canola and other foods from GMO farms again no one should eat—based on all the real science going on globally—no one should eat these foods–buying protein bars loaded with soy is the biggest waste of time and the most efficient way to cause ill health to your immune system and organs–so again any foods such as this should not be fed to kids whatsoever —
LLLS: Where do you stand on the controversial subjects such as GMO foods? Are the good and here to save us all from starving? Or the next biggest cause of premature death and diseases such as cancer, heart disease ?
Tony: GMO–GE=== *&^% in a box–answer the question adequately I think
LLLS:  We have spoken before about people that come to you at your shop suffering with cancer, and you have seen them months later completely cancer free. Many people will think this is can’t be true, such is the main stream thinking on cancer. can you tell us a bit about this and methods you use to help these people?
Tony: The method is simple –stop the poison from going in the gullet and mouth—use things that clean the mutated cells—and know it is nothing more then any other infirmary that the body can have and beat nothing complicated —we give out 3 things that are herbal and supplement  in nature and give a protocol of things that can be done and things to stop doing–Main stream would have you believe that this dis—ease is the epitomy of death and it is not true at all—they would have you believe that you go into remission and never clear cancer –all BS—that would mean that if you caught a cold and got over it you went into remission because the following year you may get it again—All BS—you can get over cancer and be C-U-R-E-D or H-E-A-L-E-D but that does not mean you cannot get it again or again –met people who beat cancer –got it again years later–beat it again and got it again several years later—did it go into remission ? NO it meant he had been re-infected or re contaminated with whatever caused the cancer in the first place—no different if you eat a huge bunch of sugar and the next day are sniffling and having a runny nose—you get over it and then repeat the behaviour on the sugar and again the same symptom reoccurs—again the biggest deceit of the century –if you put stuff in you that increases fungal -bacterial-viral-chemical-metal–and over whelm the immune system —you will have all the recipe to get cancer–no different the if I put my hand on a stove when it is on high heat I will get burned. 
LLLS: Although there are almost always multiple reasons for people getting sick in today’s world,in your opinion what are the top Five leading causes of sickness and disease?
Tony: 1) Doctors -they who infect people with needles ( direct correlation of vaccinations and cancer ) prescribing addictive drugs to suppress symptoms instead of seeing the cause and actually freeing someone from bondage of disease–in my opinion all are testosterone deficient people who do not oppose the religion of medicine for fear of losing a piece of paper called a license
2)Corporate Farming-force feeding animals and infecting them with high steroids and antibiotics and feeding them grains instead of grasses or loading them with soy and the derivative of soy MSG in the feed to further addict an unsuspecting public to fertilize grasses with ebola and other negative bacterial culture and the using GMO and roundups that cause more poison in the farms and indirectly causing the vegetarians to get their daily dose of “organic wasteand now nano particles
3 )Industrial and Manufacturing Pollutants–un regulated dumping in land and water and air and we are exposed to an overload of these contaminants from xenoestrogens to toxic waste and now Chemtrails 
4) Gov’t –don’t know about you but they make me ill all the time- the regulations and the laws to stop people to have access to health of choice and to stop people from growing gardens and being really free to heal themselves
5)Television–always selling poison and telling us where to buy what t buy and sell us more crap and junk that clutter our lives and cause internal clutter as well–selling toxic chemicals for Hygien products–toxic soaps that break us down while we sweat-processed foods laden with soy and other GE and GMO monstrosities

LLLS: I know that you use nutrition and herbs/spices to help bring people back to health, do you prefer the ancient methods or philosophy of herbalism or the more modern scientific approach which is often referred to as Botanical medicine or Phyto therapy?
Tony: I use whatever Works–ancient stuff mostly or anything pre 1980 anything after this is all a crap shoot unless you can find credible studies that are unbiased and unadulterated,  a  toughie, but still can be done  I do use current stuff as well but like I said whatever Works!!!
 LLLS: What is your top 10 list of herbs to improve health?
Tony:  hahahah–Whatever works for you—but the Number one thing I give is Enzymes then FOOD–after this Vitamin C–after this Garlic–Rosemary—Thyme–Nootropics—Heart Supporting Supplement/Herb/food-Iodine–B1–Sulphur based Foods or herbs—Parsley-Plantain-Nettle–Vinegar–Wine–No Beer ahaha–I threw this in I know you like beer-haha
LLLS :What is your opinion on the omega 3 fats that people are now being told to mega dose to cure/prevent multiple disease?
Tony: Waste of Money and ALL BS!!  Pure Bullocks as they say in the UK and the commonwealth Pure Bullocks—these oils oxidize quicker in the system after 4 years of use they actually cause Heart Failure–and in the interim will cause cholesterol issues -and Like I said  by-product waste sold to the health industry so the nationals do not have to pay to clean there waste up—you become the garbage dump
 LLLS :  What are your top 10 tips for staying disease free?
 Tony: impossible—but you can increase the odds and the efficiency of your bodies to defend against the break down  of disease– or rather dis—- ease no such thing as a disease again another mind bender to get us to play sick so we can be fed drugs—the thing is whatever you do wherever you live and how you live will determine the regimen you may find work for you–the things I would tell you to avoid to increase and maintain Vitality would be 
1) Sugar
2 )SOY
3) Canola
5) Supplements or proteins containing sweeteners such as aspartame-sucrolose (splenda) aceslfame K- HFCS-high fructose corn syrup 
6) Box-bagged-Canned foods –most have soy or soy derivatives or canola oil- msg- hfsc-disodium guaylate disodium inosinate–Toxic as all hell- there are exceptions to this as far as canned goods but even the foods in them would have to be neutralized and prepared to make safe for consumption —but then again it would depend on what the foods are
7)-Colouring agents-Plastics
8) pork and pork by-products 
9)anything that says artificial flavour or natural flavour -these are usually soy or some unknown waste and since you do not know what it is why eat it
 10)  being a total vegan–seen more people with this life style get tanked –ill or totally broken–you have to have some animal protein or you do not get taurine and as a result heart- eye -brain–insulin functions and liver go to the crapper—and if your system has to manufacturer something that is more work for the internals as a result it cuts the body’s life force not increase it—for a short time to do this type of diet -say 3 months -may actually be healthy as a result of detoxing the body of excesses—but for a prolong period then it becomes detrimental—actually seen some one commit suicide as a result of this due to her brain not getting adequate zinc and b12 due to the bleeding off from soy and the lack of animal protein…


Well there you have it. Controversial, Informative, passionate, strong views and language to suit, and even a dig in there aimed at me for drinking too much beer!  He can never resist that, and I wouldn’t want him to, he does have a point! I hope you enjoyed that, and I’m sure we will here more from Tony. In fact, if you have any questions email me at [email protected] and I’ll be sure to ask him on the next Q&A or interview.  But you don’t have to wait until then, you can contact Tony yourself, listen to his radio show and talk directly via a chat room as he is on air!  Details below. 

Tony is on the Micro Effect Web sit  as The Remedy, every Monday and Friday night at 5pm to 6pm Pacific Time.  You can listen for free and also purchase lots of archived shows for a reasonable price and put them on your ipod to listen to whilst doing cardio at the gym!  Tony gives free advice, lots of home remedies for common and not so common ailments,  and loads more, check him out!

Tony has a website absolutely PACKED with information as well as the scripts for his radio show, see here you can also buy Tony’s book or DVD from there.

 You can also find him making potions, concoctions and giving tips on being healthy on a budget on you tube. Go on youtube and search for Herbsplusbeadswork.

 There is also a Myspace Page : 

 If you are in Canada or the US you may wish to visit Tony in his shop. The address is on this linked page                     

 Thank you Tony for the interview and thank you for reading.   


Natural Remedies

Below are a list of remedy’s, some that have scientific backing, some that I personally have used and found work well for myself and others, and some that I have gathered along the way. Please remember that Herbal remedy’s are in general safe, however, you should always do your research before using any herb or supplement. Any information on this page, and in fact, on this web site is for information purposes only! Always consult your doctor before starting a new supplement, diet or training routine.

Natural remedies have been used for thousands of years and are still widely used today across the world. Natural remedies don’t have to be made from herbs, although many are. Today we use herbs and spices and fruits and berries,we use amino acids, vitamins and mineral supplements, and much more.

Personally I am not Anti pharmacy Medicines have come along way and have helped to increase the human life expectancy considerably. It does seem however that the progression has stopped in some cases, and now days local GP’s seem to dish out pills far too easily. Drugs can help us massively in acute situations, but there are many situations when drugs are prescribed where natural protocols are as good or even BETTER. I have seen this first hand on many occasions now, and I am sure many of you have too. The following remedies are from various sources, allot are from a very experienced friend of mine over in Canada. He has kindly let me use his material,and has educated me along the way. Check out his web site here – and also pay his shop a visit if your in Canada!

Disclaimer : The Remedies below are for information purposes only. Please seek advice from your general practitioner before pursuing on any new supplemental regime.

Rhodiola Profile

Rhodiola Benefits

Rhodiola rosea is a remarkable herb that has a wide and varied history of uses. It is thought to strengthen the nervous system, fight depression, enhance immunity, elevate the capacity for exercise, enhance memory, aid weight reduction, increase sexual function and improve energy levels.It has long been known as a potent adaptogen. Adaptogens are natural plant substances that increase the body’s non-specific resistance and normalise the functions of the body.

Rhodiola has a legendary history dating back thousands of years. In 77 A.D., the Greek physician Dioscorides documented the medical applications of the plant, which he then called rodia riza, in his classic medical text De Materia Medica. The Vikings depended on the herb to enhance their physical strength and endurance, while Chinese emperors sent expeditions to Siberia to bring back “the golden root” for medicinal preparations. The people of central Asia considered a tea brewed from Rhodiola rosea to be the most effective treatment for cold and flu. Mongolian physicians prescribed it for tuberculosis and cancer.

Colour illustration of a Rhodiola plant.
Latin Name: Rhodiola rosea

Common Names: Arctic root, Golden root, Roseroot

Properties: adaptogenic, anti-ageing, anti-cancer, anti-depressant, anti-mutagenic, anti-oxidant, cardioprotective

Indicated for:
Amenorrhea, asthenia, cancer, cardiac problems, colds and flu, debility (symptoms of asthenia), depression, enhancing thyroid and thymus gland function and immune system, fatigue, headaches, hypertension, improving hearing, improving sexual function. Increasing attention span, mental performance, alertness and memory, physical exercise ability, strength and mobility. Insomnia, maintaining energy levels, premature ejaculation, preventing stress-induced cardiac damage, protect the liver from environmental toxins, quicker muscle recovery, regulating blood sugar levels for diabetics, SAD (seasonal affected disorder), schizophrenia, sexual dysfunction (male), stress, weak erections.

Research on Rhodiola rosea and other medicinal herbs was part of the Soviet Union’s great push to compete with the West in military development, the arms race, space exploration, Olympic sports, science, medicine, and industry. It is a popular plant in traditional medical systems in Eastern Europe and Asia, with a reputation for stimulating the nervous system, decreasing depression, enhancing work performance, eliminating fatigue, and preventing high altitude sickness.


Rhodiola rosea has long been known as a potent adaptogen. Adaptogens are natural plant substances that increase the body’s non-specific resistance and normalise the functions of the body. When a stressful situation occurs, consuming adaptogens generates a degree of generalised adaptation (or non-specific resistance) that allows our physiology to handle the stressful situation in a more resourceful manner. It is believed that adaptogens work by increasing the ability of cells to manufacture and use cell fuel more efficiently.

Since Rhodiola rosea administration appears to impact central monoamine levels, it might also provide benefits and be the adaptogen of choice in clinical conditions characterised by an imbalance of central nervous system monoamines. This is consistent with Russian claims for improvements in depression and schizophrenia. It also suggests that research in areas such as seasonal affective disorder, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue syndrome, among others, is warranted.

There have also been claims that this plant has great utility as a therapy in asthenic conditions (decline in work performance, sleep disturbances, poor appetite, irritability, hypertension, headaches, and fatigue) developing subsequent to intense physical or intellectual strain, influenza and other viral exposures, and other illness. Two randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of the standardised extract of Rhodiola rosea root (SHR-5) provide a degree of support for these claimed adaptogenic properties.

Muscle Recovery

Rhodiola rosea has been shown to shorten recovery time after prolonged workouts, to increase attention span, memory, strength, and anti-toxic action. Rhodiola rosea extract increases the level of enzymes, RNA, and proteins important to muscle recovery after exhaustive exercise. It also stimulates muscle energy status; glycogen synthesis in muscles and liver; muscle protein synthesis and anabolic activity.


Studies using proofreading tests have demonstrated that Rhodiola rosea enhances memorisation and concentration ability over prolonged periods. It increases the bioelectrical activity of the brain which improves memory and brain energy.

In one study, forty students were randomised to receive either 50 mg standardised Rhodiola extract or placebo twice daily for a period of 20 days. The students receiving the standardised extract demonstrated significant improvements in physical fitness, psychomotor function, mental performance, and general wellbeing. Subjects receiving the Rhodiola rosea extract also reported statistically significant reductions in mental fatigue, improved sleep patterns, a reduced need for sleep, greater mood stability, and a greater motivation to study. The average exam scores between students receiving the Rhodiola rosea extract and placebo were 3.47 and 3.20, respectively.

Cardiac Problems

Rhodiola has also been shown to be effective for cardiac problems caused or aggravated by stress. Its action for these conditions is in its ability to decrease the amount of catecholamines and corticosteroids released by the adrenal glands during stress. The abnormal presence of these stress hormones will subsequently raise blood pressure, cholesterol, potassium levels and increase risk factors for heart disease. Rhodiola has been found to decrease harmful blood lipids and thus decrease the risk of heart disease. It also decreases the amount of cyclic-AMP (c-AMP) released into cardiac cells. Cyclic AMP is related to ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the body’s primary energy molecule. C-AMP acts as a ‘second messenger’ or liaison between the outer and inner environments of the cell. It assists in the uptake of more intracellular calcium into the heart thus promoting a greater potential for heart muscle contraction. Rhodiola thus regulates the heart beat and counteracts heart arrhythmias.


Rhodiola has been shown to increase anti-tumour activity by increasing the body’s resistance to toxins. A range of anti-oxidant compounds have been identified in Rhodiola rosea and related species and significant free-radical scavenging activity has been demonstrated for alcohol and water extracts of Rhodiola. Rhodiola rosea might be useful in conjunction with some pharmaceutical anti-tumour agents. According to the information from Russian researchers have found that the oral administration of Rhodiola inhibited tumour growths in rats by 39% and decreased metastasis by 50%. It improved urinary tissue and immunity in patients with bladder cancer. In other experiments with various types of cancer, including adenocarcinomas, the use of extracts of Rhodiola Rosea resulted in significant increased survival rate.

Immune System

Rhodiola both stimulates and protects the immune system by reinstating homeostasis (metabolic balance) in the body. It also increases the natural killer cells (NK) in the stomach and spleen. This action may be due to its ability to normalise hormones by modulating the release of glucocorticoid into the body.


In animal studies, extracts of rhodiola, seem to enhance the transport of serotonin precursors, tryptophan, and 5-hydroxytryptophan into the brain. Serotonin is a widely studied brain neurotransmitter chemical that is involved in many functions including, smooth muscle contraction, temperature regulation, appetite, pain perception, behavior, blood pressure and respiration. When balanced, it imparts a a sense of contentment and mental ease. Either too much or too little serotonin on the other hand has been linked to various abnormal mental states such as clinical depression. Thus rhodiola has been used by Russian scientists alone or in combination with antidepressants to boost one’s mental state, a boon in countries and seasons where one is deprived of adequate sun over prolonged periods of months. This leads to a condition known as SAD or Seasonal Affective Disorder, common to Northern European countries.

Other Benefits

Many other benefits from the use of Rhodiola has been found including its ability to improve hearing, to regulate blood sugar levels for diabetics and protect the liver from environmental toxins. It has been shown to activate the lipolytic processes (fat breakdown) and mobilise lipids from a dipose tissue to the natural fat burning system of your body for weight reduction. It can also clinically enhance thyroid function without causing hyperthyroidism, enhance thymus gland function and protect or delay involution that occurs with ageing. It can also improve your adrenal gland reserves without causing hypertrophy. Throughout the years it has shown to substantially improve erectile dysfunction and/or premature ejaculation in men and normalises their prostatic fluid.


Rhodiola has few side effects; however, some people report increased blood pressure. Rhodiola may thin your blood, so discontinue use before surgery and consult your doctor if you take blood-thinning medications like Coumadin (warfarin) or supplements like vitamin E.

Although rare, certain individuals who experience nervous excitability, feverish states, and hypertension, should not use rhodiola unless supervised by a qualified practitioner. Persons who experience coronary spasm and fluctuations in arterial pressure should also use under supervision.

To date, the medical literature has not reported any adverse effects related to foetal development during pregnancy or to infants who are breast-fed. Yet little is known about the use of this dietary supplement while pregnant or breast-feeding. Therefore, it is recommended that you inform your healthcare practitioner of any dietary supplements you are using while pregnant or breast-feeding.

To date, the medical literature has not reported any adverse effects specifically related to the use of this dietary supplement in children. Since young children may have undiagnosed allergies or medical conditions, this dietary supplement should not be used in children under 10 years of age unless recommended by a physician.

Yerba Mate Profile

Yerba Mate Benefits

Yerba mate has been used as a beverage since the time of the ancient Indians of Brazil and Paraguay and is considered a national drink in several South American countries.

Woman’s World writer Barbara Tunick reports; “A drink from South America has hit U.S. shores-and experts say it’s the ticket for those who love the boost of coffee but hate it’s side effects.”

In addition to its standing as a popular beverage, yerba mate is used as a tonic, diuretic and as a stimulant to reduce fatigue, suppress appetite and aid gastric function in herbal medicine systems throughout South America. It also has been used as a depurative (to promote cleansing and excretion of waste). In Brazil, mate is said to stimulate the nervous and muscular systems and is used for digestive problems, renal colic, nerve pain, depression, fatigue, and obesity. It also has bitter qualities which help stimulate digestion. It has been used traditionally as a tonic, nervine, mild diuretic and stimulant.

Illustration of Yerba mate branches.

In Europe it is used for weight loss, physical and mental fatigue, nervous depression, rheumatic pains and psychogenic and fatigue related headaches. In Germany it has become popular as a weight-loss aid. Yerba mate is the subject of a German monograph which lists its approved uses for mental and physical fatigue.

Latin Names: Ilex paraguairensis, Ilex paraguayensis Ilex paraguensis, Ilex mate, Ilex domestica, Ilex sorbilis

Common Names: Yerba maté, maté, erva mate, congonha, erveira, Paraguay cayi, Paraguay tea, South American holly, matéteestrauch, erva-verdadeira, St. Bartholomew’s tea, Jesuit’s tea, hervea, caminú, kkiro, kali chaye

Anti-allergy, antidepressant, appetite suppressant, astringent, bile stimulant, blood cleanser, cardiotonic, central nervous system stimulant, depurative, digestive stimulant, diuretic (mild), hypotensive, laxative (mild), nervine, neurasthenic, neuroprotective, purgative, stimulant, thermogenic, tonic, vasodilator, relieves pain, promotes perspiration, stimulates immune cells

Indicated for:
Allergies, arthritis, constipation, hay fever, headaches, hemorrhoids, fatigue, fluid retention, increasing energy, obesity, stress, burning fat, cleansing the blood and bowels, toning the nervous system, retarding ageing, stimulating the mind and enhancing memory, controlling the appetite, stimulating the production of cortisone, stimulating digestion and heart.

In France yerba mate is approved for the treatment of asthenia (weakness or lack of energy), as an aid in weight-loss programs and as a diuretic.

It also appears in the British Herbal Phamacopoeia (1996) and indicated for the treatment of fatigue, weight loss and headaches. In the U.S., Dr. James Balch, M.D. recommends yerba mate for arthritis, headaches, hemorrhoids, fluid retention, obesity, fatigue, stress, constipation, allergies and hay fever, and states that it “cleanses the blood, tones the nervous system, retards aging, stimulates the mind, controls the appetite, stimulates the production of cortisone and is believed to enhance the healing powers of other herbs.”

Millions of South Americans drink Mate on a daily basis where weight problems are uncommon. Researchers think that Yerba Mate may be an important factor. A couple of cups a day may just set you on the course to your goals.

Yerba Mate contains xanthines, chemicals that boost your metabolic rate by 10% and is is rich in pantothenic acid, which prevents overstimulation of the nervous system. Yerba Mate has a host of anti-oxidants that boost immunity and protect against colds and flu. Studies show it is as powerful a cell protector as vitamin C, reducing the effects of aging as well as protecting against cancer and other disease. Furthermore, researchers say that Yerba Mate is a rich source of magnesium that has been proven to ease anxiety: unlike the herbal formulas such as Metabolife that reduce appetite by overstimulating the central nervous system. Drinking 8 oz before a meal can be as effective as diet drugs in taking the edge off your appetite!

Wild Yam Profile

Wild Yam Benefits

Mexican Wild Yam is a very good antispasmodic so is good for menstrual cramps, relaxing muscles, soothing nerves, relieving pain, poor circulation and neuralgia, for the inflammatory stage of rheumatory arthritis and for abdominal and intestinal cramping.

It has long been used for its benefits in womens reproductive health, including pre-menstrual syndrome and menopausal problems. It can be taken in capsules or in tea (though there are mixed opinions on the flavour). The powder can be added to creams or vaginal ointments.

Picture of Wild Yam leaves and roots.

Wild Yam’s traditional use is for easing menstrual cramps. Its antispasmodic property is beneficial for any kind of muscular spasm and colic, such as intestinal and bilious colic, flatulence, ovarian and uterine pain; for poor circulation and neuralgia; for the inflammatory stage of rheumatory arthritis; and for abdominal and intestinal cramping. Wild Yam can be very beneficial for nervousness, restlessness and other nervous conditions.

Latin Name: Dioscorea villosa

Common Names: Aluka, Barbasco, Colic Root, China Root, Devil’s-bones, Mexican Wild Yam, Rheumatism Root, Shan-yao, Wild Yam, Yuma

Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, blood purifier, and diaphoretic, hepatic, anti-rheumatic, cholagogue, uterine tonic.

Indicated for:
Relaxing muscles, soothing nerves and relieving pain. Uterine tonic. Menstrual cramps. Allaying colic and flatulence caused by muscle spasms; for poor circulation and neuralgia; for the inflammatory stage of rheumatory arthritis; and for abdominal and intestinal cramping. Wild Yam can be very beneficial for nervousness, restlessness and other nervous conditions. As a stimulant for increased bile flow, it helps to relieve hepatic congestion, bilious colic, gallstones, kidney and gallbladder problems and rheumatic conditions.

As a stimulant for increased bile flow, it can help to relieve hepatic congestion, bilious colic and gallstones.

Also known to have a therapeutic action on overall liver health, it is believed that wild yam root’s ability to lower blood cholesterol levels and lower blood pressure indirectly helps the liver by increasing its efficiency and reducing stress.

Its steroidal saponins are also anti-inflammatory , making it a useful herb when treating rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory conditions of the bowel. Its diuretic effect, combined with the antispasmodic action, soothes painful conditions of the urinary tract.

Wild yam contains alkaloids, steroidal saponins, tannins, phytosterols and starch.


Women with hormone-dependent conditions such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and cancers of the breast, ovaries, or uterus should not take or use wild yam due to its possible estrogenic effects. Men with prostate cancer should also avoid taking wild yam.

Pregnant women should not take wild yam because it may stimulate the uterus to contract, possibly causing a miscarriage.

Because very little information is available on how wild yam might affect an infant or a small child, its use is not recommended while breast-feeding or during early childhood.

Olive Leaf Profile

Olive leaf Benefits


Olive leaf was first used medicinally in Ancient Egypt. It is gaining recognition as a powerful defender against sickness and numerous scientific studies have been conducted to investigate the extract’s beneficial properties. The reported benefits of olive leaf extract’s range from promoting increased energy and healthy blood pressure, to supporting the cardiovascular system, and the immune system. Contains 500mg herb per tablet (6% Oleuropein). Suitable for vegetarians.

Olives are native to Asia Minor and Syria, but are cultivated in Mediterranean countries and also Chile, Peru and South Australia. Olive leaf was first used medicinally in Ancient Egypt and was a symbol of heavenly power. It was also used to mummify pharaohs. More recent knowledge of the olive leaf’s medicinal properties dates back to the early 1800s when pulverised leaves were used in a drink to lower fevers. A few decades later, green olive leaves were used in tea as a treatment for malaria.

Modern health professionals first started using Olive Leaf extract in 1995 when it first became available and although a long-term perspective is not yet possible, initial results are very positive. It is emerging as a very promising and unique herb with multiple applications. It shows considerable therapeutic action against many common conditions. Olive leaf extract is gaining recognition as a powerful defender against sickness, and numerous scientific studies have been conducted to investigate the extract’s beneficial properties. The reported benefits of olive leaf extract’s range from promoting increased energy and healthy blood pressure, to supporting the cardiovascular system, and the immune system.

A colour illustration of an Olive Branch.

From research and clinical experience to date, we can say that supplemental olive leaf may be beneficial in the treatment for conditions caused by, or associated with, a virus, retrovirus, bacterium or protozoan. Among those treatable conditions are: influenza, the common cold, candida infections, meningitis, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), encephalitis, herpes I and II, human herpes virus 6 and 7, shingles (Herpes zoster), HIV/ARC/AIDS, chronic fatigue, hepatitis B, pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea, malaria, dengue, severe diarrhea, and dental, ear, urinary tract and surgical infections.

Many people who live stressful lives or who may be particularly susceptible to colds and viruses may benefit from long-term use of olive leaf as a preventive agent. Some patients have expressed other unexpected benefits of olive leaf, including improved psoriasis, normalisation of heart beat irregularities, diminished cravings, less pain from hemorrhoids, toothaches and chronically achy joints.

In the early 1900s scientists isolated a bitter compound called oleuropein from olive leaf that was thought to give the olive tree its disease resistance.

Latin Name: Olea europaea, Olea folium, Olea gallica, Olea lancifolia, Olea oleaster

Common Names: Olive, Olive Leaf, Olive Tree, Olivier

astringent, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-parasitic, anti-septic, anti-viral, febrifugal, immune-boosting, tranquiliser

Indicated for:
Stabilising blood sugar levels, parasites (giardia, intestinal worms, malaria forming protozoa, microscopic protozoa, pinworms, ringworm, roundworm, tapeworms), boosting immune function, fighting infection, increasing resistance to disease, lowering blood pressure, abdominal chill, anthrax, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, autoimmune disorders, barium chloride and calcium induced arrhythmia, boosts energy levels, brain and nervous conditions, candida, cardiovascular conditions, chest complaints, chlamydia, chronic fatigue, chronic joint ache, chronic toenail fungus infection, colds & flu, cold sores, dengue, dental, ear, urinary tract and surgical infections, dissolves cholesterol, encephalitis, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), fevers, fibromyalgia, gastric ulcers caused by H. pylori, gastrointestinal conditions, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, haemorrhoid pain-relief, hepatitis A, B, C, herpes I and II, HIV/ARC/AIDS, human herpes virus 6 and 7, improves blood flow, improves symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome and related conditions, increases bile secretions, lupus, malaria, meningitis (bacterial/viral), mononucleosis, nervous tension, normalisation of heart beat irregularities, pneumonia, psoriasis, rabies, respiratory conditions, rheumatic fever, salmonella, severe diarrhea, shingles, shingles (Herpes zoster), sinus infections, soothes mucous membranes, staphylococcal food poisoning, streptococcus infection in throat, syphilis, toothache, toxic shock syndrome, trichonomas, tuberculosis, vaginitis, vasodilator effect on the smooth layer of coronary arteries, warts.

In 1962 an Italian researcher recorded that Oleuropein had the ability to lower blood pressure in animals. It dilates the blood vessels so that blood may flow more easily throughout the system. Other European researchers validated that claim and also found it to increase blood flow in the coronary arteries, relieve arrhythmia and prevent intestinal muscle spasms. In the years to come, a Dutch researcher identified that a primary ingredient in oleuropein inhibited the growth of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. This chemical was elenolic acid. Further European research determined this compound to have strong bactericidal, antiviral and antifungal capabilities. A safety study on calcium elenolate was tested with laboratory animals and published by the Upjohn pharmaceutical company in 1970. The study concluded that even in doses several hundred times higher than recommended; no toxic or other adverse side effects were discovered.

Research suggests that olive leaf may be a true anti-viral compound because it appears to selectively block an entire virus-specific system in the infected host. This appears to offer healing effects not addressed by pharmaceutical antibiotics. Olive leaf’s broad killing power includes an ability to interfere with critical amino acid production for viruses; an ability to contain viral infection and/or spread by inactivating viruses by preventing virus shredding, budding or assembly at the cell membrane; the ability to directly penetrate infected cells and stop viral replication.

As an antioxidant, Olive leaf extract protects those blood vessels from damage, and has been shown to be effective in protecting the heart from coronary occlusion. When taken over an extended period of time, it is believed to reverse arteriosclerosis. Olive leaves are astringent and antiseptic. Both the leaves and the bark have valuable febrifugal qualities.


There is very little information regarding olive leaf and how it may affect a developing foetus or an infant. Therefore, its use it is not recommended during pregnancy or breast-feeding.

Olive leaf should not to be used by diabetics due to its potential blood-sugar lowering properties.

Nettle Profile

Nettle Benefits

Nettle has been used for centuries to treat allergy symptoms, particularly hayfever which is the most common allergy problem. It contains biologically active compounds that reduce inflammation. Dr. Andrew Wiel M.D. author of Natural Health/ Natural Medicine says he knows of nothing more effective than nettle for allergy relief. And his statement is backed up by studies at the National College of Naturopathic Medicine in Portland, Oregon.

Decongestants, antihistamines, allergy shots and even prescription medications such as Allegra and Claritin treat only the symptoms of allergies and tend to lose effectiveness over a period of time. They can also cause drowsiness, dry sinuses, insomnia and high blood pressure. Nettle has none of these side effects. It can be used on a regular basis and has an impressive number of other benefits most notably as a treatment for prostate enlargement.

Colour illustration of a nettle plant.
Latin Names: Uritca dioica, Urtica galeopsifolia

Common Names: Nettle, Big String Nettle, Common Nettle, Stinging Nettle, Gerrais, Isirgan, Kazink, Nabat Al Nar, Ortiga, Grande Ortie, Ortie, Urtiga, Chichicaste, Brennessel, Gross d?Ortie, Racine d?Ortie, Grote Brandnetel, Ortiga Mayor, Devils Leaf

Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergenic, anti-anaphylactic,anti-rheumatic, anti-asthmatic, anti-convulsant, anti-dandruff, anti-histamine, astringent, decongestant, depurative, diuretic, haemostatic, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive, galactagogue, immunomodulator, prostate tonic, stimulating tonic

Indicated for:
Seasonal allergies, arthritis, bronchitis, bursitis, gingivitis, laryngitis, prostatitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, tendinitis, BPH, rheumatism and other inflammatory conditions. High blood pressure, hair loss, anaemia, excessive menstruation, haemorrhoids, eczema, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, haemorrhoids. Alzheimer’s disease, asthma, bladder infections, hives, kidney stones, multiple sclerosis, PMS, prostate enlargement and sciatica

Nettle has been studied extensively and has shown promise in treating Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis, asthma, bladder infections, bronchitis, bursitis, gingivitis, gout, hives, kidney stones, laryngitis, multiple sclerosis, PMS, prostate enlargement, sciatica, and tendinitis! Externally it has been used to improve the appearance of the hair, and is said to be a remedy against oily hair and dandruff.

In Germany today stinging nettle is sold as an herbal drug for prostate diseases and as a diuretic. It is a common ingredient in other herbal drugs produced in Germany for rheumatic complaints and inflammatory conditions (especially for the lower urinary tract and prostate). In the United States many remarkable healing properties are attributed to nettle and the leaf is utilized for different problems than the root. The leaf is used here as a diuretic, for arthritis, prostatitis, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure and allergic rhinitis.

The root is recommended as a diuretic, for relief of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and other prostate problems, and as a natural remedy to treat or prevent baldness

An infusion of the plant is very valuable in stemming internal bleeding. It is also used to treat anaemia, excessive menstruation, haemorrhoids, arthritis, rheumatism and skin complaints, especially eczema. Externally, the plant is used to treat skin complaints, arthritic pain, gout, sciatica, neuralgia, haemorrhoids and hair problems.

Taken orally, products made from nettle’s aerial parts may interfere with the body’s production of prostaglandins and other inflammation-causing chemicals. Consequently, nettle may have an anti-inflammatory effect. It may also enhance responses of the immune system. Chemicals in nettle’s aerial parts are also thought to reduce the feeling of pain or interfere with the way that nerves send pain signals. All of these effects may reduce the pain and stiffness of arthritis and other similar conditions.

In addition, nettle’s aerial parts may reduce the amount of histamine that is produced by the body in response to an allergen. An allergen is a substance such as pollen that may provoke an exaggerated immune response in individuals who are sensitive to it. Through this potential action, the aerial parts of nettle may help to reduce allergy symptoms. Results from one human study are promising, but more research is needed to be conclusive.

A solution of the extract may be applied to the skin to relieve joint pain and muscle aches. Astringent properties of nettle aerial parts may also help to lessen the swelling of hemorrhoids and stop bleeding from minor skin injuries such as razor nicks. An astringent shrinks and tightens the top layers of skin or mucous membranes, thereby reducing secretions, relieving irritation, and improving tissue firmness. It may also be used topically for dandruff and overly oily hair and scalp.

This herb should be used for a minimum of 30 days for full effects. Our Nettle is organically grown and cryogenically ground (minus 70 degrees) to preserve potency.


Nettle may lower blood pressure and heart rate. Avoid chronic use due to its diuretic effects. Do not take if pregnant or breast-feeding. Do not take if diabetic.

Milk Thistle Profile

Milk Thistle Benefits

Milk Thistle is unique in its ability to protect the liver and has no equivalent in the pharmaceutical drug world. In fact, in cases of poisoning with Amanita mushrooms, which destroy the liver, milk thistle is the only treatment option. It has been so dramatically effective that the treatment has never been disputed, even by the traditional medical community.

Picture of a Milk Thistle plant.

Milk thistle acts in a similar fashion to detoxify other synthetic chemicals that find their way into our bodies, from acetaminophen and alcohol to heavy metals and radiation.

Latin Name: Silybum marianum

Common Names: Cardui mariae, Carduus marianum, Holy Thistle, Lady’s Thistle, Legalon, Marian Thistle, Mariendistel, Mary Thistle, Our Lady’s Thistle, Silimarina, Silybin, Silybum, Silymarin, St. Mary Thistle, Wild Artichoke

Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, hepaprotective, immunostimulating, possibly estrogenic

Indicated for:
Alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver poisoning and viral hepatitis. alcoholic fatty liver, liver poisoning. It can benefits adrenal disorders and inflammatory bowel syndrome. Psoriasis. Lowering cholesterol. Protecting the liver when taking strong drugs or medicine. Candida. Food allergies.

Milk thistle was approved in 1986 as a treatment for liver disease and it is widely used to treat alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, cirrhosis, liver poisening and viral hepatitis. It has also been shown to protect the liver against medications such as acetaminophen, a non-aspirin pain reliever.

The active ingredient, or liver-protecting compound in milk thistle is known as silymarin. This substance, which actually consists of a group of compounds called flavonolignands, helps repair liver cells damaged by alcohol and other toxic substances by stimulating protein synthesis. By changing the outside layer of liver cells, it also prevents certain toxins from getting inside. Silymarin also seems to encourage liver cell growth. It can reduce inflammation (important for people with liver inflammation or hepatitis), and has potent antioxidant effects. Antioxidants are thought to protect body cells from damage caused by a chemical process called oxidation. Our Milk Thistle is not standardized to an exact amount (as it is made from pure dried natural herbs. Milk Thistle naturally contains about 70 – 80% Silymarin (and many other constituents thought to work in harmony).

This herb benefits adrenal disorders and inflammatory bowel syndrome, and is used to treat psoriasis (increases bile flow).

Milk thistle has some estrogen-like effects that may stimulate the flow of breast milk in women who are breast-feeding infants. It may also be used to start late menstrual periods. Milk thistle’s estrogen-like effect may also have some usefulness for men with prostate cancer.

In animal studies and one small study in humans, milk thistle produced modest reductions in total cholesterol. However, these results have not been demonstrated in larger human studies.

This herb is a must for cleansing and for anyone with any sort of liver dysfunction or exposure to toxins.

Liver disease from alcohol

A comprehensive review by the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) recently identified 16 scientific studies on the use of milk thistle for the treatment of various forms of liver disease. A European standardized extract of milk thistle was used in most of the trials. Problems in study design (such as small numbers of participants, variations in the causes of liver disease, and differences in dosing and duration of milk thistle therapy) made it difficult to draw any definitive conclusions. However, five of seven studies evaluating milk thistle for alcoholic liver disease found significant improvements in liver function. Those with the mildest form of the disease appeared to improve the most. Milk thistle was less effective for those with severe liver disease such as cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is characterized by scarring and permanent, non-reversible damage to the liver. It is often referred to as end-stage liver disease.

Viral hepatitis

Despite the fact that milk thistle is widely used in the treatment of hepatitis (particularly hepatitis C), results from four viral hepatitis studies were contradictory. Some found improvements in liver enzyme activity while others failed to detect these benefits. None of the studies compared milk thistle with interferon or other medications for viral hepatitis.


Preliminary laboratory studies also suggest that active substances in milk thistle may have anti-cancer effects. One active substance known as silymarin has strong antioxidant properties and has been shown to inhibit the growth of human prostate, breast, and cervical cancer cells in test tubes. Further studies are needed to determine whether milk thistle is safe or effective for people with these forms of cancer.

High cholesterol

One animal study found that silymarin (an active compound in milk thistle) worked as effectively as the cholesterol-lowering drug probucol, with the additional benefit of substantially increasing HDL (“good”) cholesterol. Further studies in people are needed.


Women with hormone-dependent conditions such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and cancers of the breast, ovaries, or uterus should not take or use milk thistle plant extract due to its possible estrogenic effects.

Men who have prostate cancer should not take milk thistle without the approval of a doctor.

Horse Chestnut Profile

Horse Chestnut Benefits


Horse chestnut is a traditional remedy for leg vein health. It tones and protects blood vessels and may be helpful in ankle oedema related to poor venous return. Utilised extensively throughout Europe as an anti-inflammatory agent for a variety of conditions, in addition to being used for vascular problems. The plant is taken in small doses internally for the treatment of a wide range of venous diseases, including hardening of the arteries, varicose veins, phlebitis, leg ulcers, haemorrhoids and frostbite.

Horse chestnut is an astringent, anti-inflammatory herb that helps to tone the vein walls which, when slack or distended, may become varicose, haemorrhoidal or otherwise problematic. The plant also reduces fluid retention by increasing the permeability of the capillaries and allowing the re-absorption of excess fluid back into the circulatory system.

The seeds are decongestant, expectorant and tonic. They have been used in the treatment of rheumatism, neuralgia and haemorrhoids. A compound of the powdered roots is analgesic and has been used to treat chest pains. Extracts of the seeds are the source of a saponin known as aescin, which has been shown to promote normal tone in the walls of the veins, thereby improving circulation through the veins and promoting the return of blood to the heart.

Illustration of Horse chestnut branch.

Veins that are either weak and/or under chronic stress are more likely to fail and therefore more likely to allow leakage of fluid from the vessels into the tissue space leading to swelling.

Latin Name: Aesculus hippocastanum

Common Names: Atkestanesi, Buckeye, Castagno D’India, Castanheiro Da India, Castano De India, Castano De Indias, Castogno D’India, Chataigne De Cheval, Common Horse Chestnut, Eschilo, Horse Chestnut, Ippocastano, Marronnier D’Inde, Paarde Kastanje, Rosskastanie, Seiyo-Toti-No-Ki, Spanish Chestnut, T’ien-shih-li, Wilde Kastanje

Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, analgesic, astringent, econgestant, expectorant, febrifuge, tonic, vasoprotective, venous tonic.

Indicated for:
Chest pain, chronic venous insufficiency, frostbite, haemorrhoids, hardening of the arteries, improving connective tissue tone, leg ulcers, lung conditions (embolisms, infarction, thrombosis), lymphedema, neuralgia, oedema, phlebitis, rheumatism, sprains and other injuries, swollen ankles, varicose veins, varicose eczema, venous stasis.

Fluid accumulation is more common in the legs and far more likely in individuals who stand for extended periods of time. Prolonged standing and obesity can increase pressure within leg veins causing weak veins to swell, leak and deteriorate into varicose veins. Aescin, performs an antioxidant function and has a general vasoprotective role by protecting collagen and elastin (the two chief proteins that form the structure of veins). By protecting these key vessel proteins, veins and capillaries stay strong and maintain their structural integrity when exposed to stress.

A study out of West Germany, reported in the early 1980s, showed one commercial horse chestnut product affected both the collagen content and architecture of the varicose vein and helped make the veins more normal.

Horse chestnut contains several triterpene glycosides, with aescin predominating in the seeds. Coumarin glycosides aesculin, fraxin, and scopolin and their corresponding aglycones, aesculetin, fraxetin, and scopoletin, are also found, along with flavonoids such as quercetrin. Allantoin, leucocyanidins, tannins, and the plant sterols sitosterol, stigmasterol, and campesterol have also been identified. The whole extract made from the Horse Chestnut is probably superior to the isolated Aescin. This is a commonly overlooked mechanism of most herbs. The combination of the entire plant components synergistically can often produce superior results as compared to a refined, isolated active ingredient of the herb.

Horse chestnut has also been taken internally for leg ulcers and frostbite, and applied externally as a lotion, ointment, or gel. In France, an oil extracted from the seeds has been used externally for rheumatism. The topical preparation has also been used to treat phlebitis. Most studies have looked at the plant’s use internally. But there is some evidence that applying an ointment to the affected area may also help.

Randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled studies have shown that horse chestnut can reduce oedema (swelling with fluid) following trauma, particularly those following sports injuries, surgery, and head injury. A clinical study compared horse chestnut extract to compression stockings and placebo for varicose veins. Both the herbal medicine and the stockings significantly reduced oedema of the lower legs compared to placebo. Feelings of tiredness and heaviness, pain, and swelling in the legs were alleviated by the extract, in comparison to placebo. In addition, common symptoms which accompany lower leg swelling; such as leg pain, heaviness and fatigue, are typically reduced in individuals taking horse chestnut seed extract.

Trial studies suggest that Horse Chestnut may also be of value in treating lung conditions of infarction, embolisms and thrombosis.


Horse chestnut should be avoided by anyone with liver or kidney disease, taking anti-coagulant therapy or who is pregnant or breast-feeding.

Topically, horse chestnut has been associated with rare cases of allergic skin reactions. Circulation disorders and trauma associated with swelling are usually the signs of a serious condition; please consult a health care professional before self-treating with horse chestnut.